Physics

Condensation Examples in Daily Life(ALL NEW)

Condensation Examples
Condensation Examples

Today’s article is all about Condensation Examples: Condensation is a type of phase transition in which a substance changes directly from a gaseous to a liquid state. There are numerous examples of condensation that we see in our daily lives.

Evaporation is the inverse of condensation. Evaporation occurs when a substance or material directly changes from a liquid state to a gaseous state.

Read also: Endothermic Reaction Examples in Everyday Life (ALL NEW)

Furthermore, the primary distinction between evaporation and condensation is that evaporation is a cooling process, whereas condensation is a warming one.

Top 6 Condensation Examples in Daily Life

If you believe that you are unable to relate to the most common examples of condensation in everyday life. Now is your chance to reconsider…!!!

  1. Formation of the water cycle
  2. Condensation in air conditioning
  3. Dew on the Grass
  4. Visible Breadth During Winter
  5. Steamy mirror in your bathroom
  6. Condensation in water preservation

Formation of the water cycle

The formation of a water cycle is the first on my list of the top six condensation examples in everyday life. In fact, it is the most critical for the survival of life on Earth. Why?

Because condensation is responsible for cloud formation, it completes the water cycle. In other words, without the condensation process, the water cycle or hydrological cycle would not exist.

water-cycle-condensation-examples
Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Not to mention the other processes that contribute to the continuous completion of the hydrological cycle, such as evaporation, sublimation, precipitation, and so on. See the image above for a better understanding.

A water cycle is the continuous movement of water from within, outside, and on the earth’s surface. The Sun heats the water in the oceans and seas. As a result, water vapour from the oceans and seas evaporates into the atmosphere.

When air is cooled to its dew point and saturated. Clouds form when water vapor in the air condenses. These clouds eventually fall back to earth as rain, snow, or ice pellets.

Condensation in Air Conditioning

condensation-in-air-conditioning
Drops of water flowing out of the air conditioning duct. Credit: goldenrulephc.com

The water that comes out of your air conditioner is the next item on my list of the top six most common examples of condensation in everyday life. Yes, you read that correctly.

The evaporator coil of an air conditioner cools the warm air that passes over it by absorbing the heat and moisture in the air. Water droplets form as a result of this.

Take note: Your system is not producing water. On the contrary, they absorb it from their surroundings and condense it within themselves. These water droplets are then ejected through a drain line and out of your home.

Dew on the Grass

dew-on-the-grass-condensation-examples
Dew formed on the surface of the grass. Credit: Wikimedia Commons\

A dew is simply water droplets formed by condensation in the evening or early morning hours. The air near the ground cools below the dew point throughout the evening and morning hours.

The temperature at which water vapors in the air cool and become saturated is known as the dew point. As a result, water droplets form, resulting in the formation of dew on the grass in this case.

When the temperature falls below freezing, instead of dew, a layer of ice forms as a result of the deposition or DE sublimation process.

Visible Breath During Winter

foggy-breath-due-to-condensation
Credit: RocketStock

Have you ever wondered why your breath is visible on a cold day? EVER??? The answer to this question can be found near the definition of condensation.

Not to mention that every human being (almost) knows that our bodies are 70% water.

When the conditions are favourable (winter), when one exhales warm and moist vapour on a colder day, the breath hits the surrounding air, which is both cold and humid, resulting in the formation of tiny water droplets.

As a result, when we exhale, we see a misty cloud-like appearance. To put it another way, colder air causes the warm moisture in our breath to condense into tiny water droplets, which we see when we exhale in the winter.

Steamy mirror in your bathroom

foggy-mirror-due-to-condensation
Credit: Housekeeping – WonderHowTo

The physics of the steam mirror are the same as the visible breath during the winter. In fact, all of the examples above are based on the same physical formula, namely condensation.

Again, during the winter (obviously), simply stand in front of a mirror and exhale into it. The surface of the mirror will have a misty foggy appearance.

So, do I really need to explain why this happens? Okay! The water vapour in your breath will condense due to the temperature difference between your inner body and your surroundings, resulting in a misty foggy appearance.

To clarify, the temperature of your breath should be higher than the temperature of your surroundings in order to condensate.

Otherwise, if that was not the primary requirement, perhaps you could have seen in your breath in the summers as well as the winters.

Condensation in Water Preservation

aerial-well
The exterior of a typical air well on a 180 meters (590 ft) high hill at Trans-en-Provence in France. Credit: Public Domain

Finally, let us discuss something strange and real that is happening all around us. Any ideas? I’m referring to the scarcity of water.

There is no denying that humanity is in the grip of a water crisis. According to a World Economic Forum report, the water crisis is one of the most significant global risks in terms of potential impact over the next decade.

Not to mention that the people who live in and around deserts will be the most vulnerable. Condensation is one of the most effective tools for combating the water shortage crisis, particularly in desert areas.

fog-fence
fog collection in Alto Patache, Atacama Desert, Chile. Credit: Wikimedia Commons

In other words, condensation can produce a large amount of water for human consumption. As a result, people living in water-stressed areas are advised to collect and store water using air wells and fog fences.

An air well is a device that collects water by encouraging moisture condensation from the air. A fog fence, also known as a fog collector, is a large vertical mesh net used to collect water by capturing fog droplets.

Some Other Useful Examples of Condensation in Everyday Life

As you can see, condensation examples can be easily divided into two categories: naturally occurring condensation phenomena and man-made condensation applications.

Natural Examples of Condensation Everyday Life

Other natural examples of condensation include sweating from cold drinks, fog on the windshield, clouds in the sky, and fog in the air, among others.

Man-made Examples of Condensation in Everyday Life

Other man-made examples of condensation applications include power generation, thermal management, refrigeration, industrial gas management, obtaining chemical substances, or water desalination projects, among others.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Condensation?

Ans. Condensation is a phase transition in which a substance directly changes from a gaseous state to a liquid state.

2. What is the rate of condensation?

Ans. The rate of condensation is defined as the number of water vapor molecules that change from their gaseous state to liquid state per second. Moreover, Psychrometry is used to measure the rate of condensation.

3. What is the dew point?

Ans. A dew point is a temperature at which water vapors in the air cool down and becomes saturated.

4. What is the lowest dew point ever recorded?

Ans. The lowest dew point ever recorded was at Coober Pedy in the South Australia desert. As per the available records, the temperature was 93 degrees. And, the dew point was minus 21 degrees producing a relative humidity of 1 percent.

5. What is the highest dew point ever recorded?

Ans. The highest dew point ever recorded was at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, located on the Persian Gulf. As per the available records, on July 8, 2003, the dew point was 95 degrees.

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