Biology and Microbiology (What’s Difference Between)

Biology deals with both macroscopic and microbes. Microbiology deals only with microscopic organisms. This concludes the main difference between biology and microbiology.

The key difference between biology and microbiology is that biology mainly deals with living organisms and abiotic is the science that deals with living organisms whereas microbiology is the main branch of biology. Furthermore, although biology is a diverse field, microbiology is much more specialized than biology.

Biology and microbiology are two branches of science that study the structure, function, and different interactions of different types of organisms.

What is Biology?

Biology is one of many diverse fields of science that studies all life on Earth. Therefore, it includes not only organisms that are visible to the naked eye but also smaller organisms that are invisible to the naked eye. For example, biology studies animals, plants, protozoa, fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms. Therefore, biologists study these organisms using a variety of tools, including microscopes.

Figure 1: Interactions Between Living Organisms
Figure 1: Interactions Between Living Organisms

In biology, organisms are studied in many aspects, such as evolution, anatomy, function, and various interactions with one another and with the abiotic environment. Here, biotic factors include all living organisms on Earth and abiotic factors include all non-living organisms in the environment that interact with living organisms. Major areas of biology include cell biology, evolution, genetics, homeostasis, and biochemistry.

What is Microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of biology that studies organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye. These types of organisms are collectively called bacteria and include protozoa, algae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, viruses, and prions. Furthermore, microbiology is a more specialized scientific field as it only studies microorganisms. Moreover, these organisms are invisible to the naked eye, so the main tool microbiologists use for most observations is the microscope.

Figure 2: Microorganisms on an Agar Plate
Figure 2: Microorganisms on an Agar Plate

Microbiology is the study of the morphology and physiology of microorganisms and their effects on living organisms, including humans. Therefore, microbiologists often also study the immune system.

Similarities Between Biology and Microbiology

  • Biology and microbiology are two fields of science that study living organisms.
  • Also, both fields study the origin, distribution, structure, functioning, and interactions of different living organisms.

Here, in this article let us explore in detail on the difference between Biology and Microbiology.

Biology vs Microbiology – The Major difference.

BiologyMicrobiology
It is a diverse field of scienceIt is a sub-field or branch of biology
It is a core subject.It is a more fundamental and applied science.
It deals with the study of life and living organisms.It is the study of bacteria and many other microscopic organisms.
It also deals with the study of both living and non-living things.It mainly deals with the study of microorganisms and their features.
Biology deals with both macroscopic and microscopic organisms.Microbiology deals only with microscopic organisms.

This concludes the major difference between Biology and Microbiology.

Which is better biology or microbiology?

Thus if you want to learn an advanced applied topic that has some really amazing scope in research as well as in industries then I would suggest you go for Microbiology. You will have a more efficient career in Microbiology than that in Biological Sciences.

Is microbiology part of biology?

Image result for difference between biology and microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of biology that examines very small organisms and viruses. There are many types of microorganisms and we will concentrate on bacteria and viruses.

How does microbiology differ from other fields of biology?

Image result for difference between biology and microbiology

The main difference between biology and microbiology is that biology is the field of science, which primarily concerns living organisms and non-living things associated with living organisms whereas microbiology is a sub-field of biology which mainly concerns microorganisms.

What is the difference between cell biology and microbiology?

Image result for difference between biology and microbiology

Somehow, there is a difference between the two as Cell Biology deals with the Cells in the human body, animals, plants, and other living organisms while Microbiology is for those that deal with microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria.

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