Difference Between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals

There are two types of minerals on earth i.e., Metallic and Non-metallic. The basic Difference Between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals is that metallic minerals are those from which we get metals, in other words, metallic minerals contain metals while non-metallic minerals do not contain minerals such as mica, petroleum, coal, limestone, etc. they are bad conductors of heat & electricity.



Metallic minerals are typically lustrous and have a high density, whereas non-metallic minerals are usually dull and have a lower density.

Metallic minerals are also good conductors of electricity and heat, whereas others are poor conductors. Finally, metallic minerals tend to be harder than non-metallic minerals.

Key Differences

The following factors make it easy to Difference between metallic and non-metallic minerals:

  • Metal-containing minerals are those in which metals are found in their natural state. Non-metallic minerals, on the other hand, are those that are devoid of metal.
  • When metallic materials are melted, a new product is produced, but when non-metallic minerals are melted, no new product is produced.
  • Non-metallic minerals are not glossy, but metallic minerals are, meaning that they have their own shine.
  • Metal-containing minerals can be found in igneous and metamorphic rock formations. Non-metallic minerals, on the other hand, are present in sedimentary rocks and young fold mountains.
  • Copper and other metallic minerals are excellent heat and electrical conductors. Unlike non-metallic minerals like mica, which act as heat and electrical insulators.
  • Metallic ores may be drawn into thin wires and resist breaking into pieces when repeatedly pounded. Non-metallic minerals, however, cannot be pulled into wires or sheets and must instead be broken into bits by hammering.

What is a Mineral?

One or more distinct chemical components arranged in an internal structure make up a mineral, which is a solid inorganic material. Rocks are created by it and are found on the surface or in the different strata of the planet’s crust.

It must appear naturally, be inorganic and solid, and have an organized internal structure that is, its atoms must be arranged according to a certain pattern and have a set chemical composition, meaning that it may fluctuate only within fixed bounds in order to be classified as a terrestrial substance.

Physical characteristics are used to identify minerals since they have distinct chemical structures.

An ore is a location where minerals can be discovered. Rocks that are present in a certain location as minerals are a concentrated form of any mineral with other components. Mining for minerals can be accomplished by repeated extractions.

What are Metallic Minerals?

Metallic minerals are minerals that have a metallic luster and are opaque. They are generally found in igneous or metamorphic rocks and are valuable resources.

Metallic minerals are the category of minerals made up of metals, as implied by their name. These are solid materials that transfer heat and electricity well.

They each have a unique shine. Some examples of metallic minerals are iron, copper, gold, silver, lead, zinc, copper, gold, bauxite, manganese, etc.

Gemstones from hard metallic minerals can be utilized in jewelry. As an example, silicon, which is obtained from quartz, is extensively utilized in the computer sector, while aluminum, which is obtained from bauxite, is used in the automotive and bottling industries.

Metallic minerals can be classified into two categories:

  • Ferrous Ore: Iron-rich minerals are referred to as ferrous ores. Ferrous metallic minerals make up 75 percent of the total production of metallic minerals. includes chromite, nickel, manganese, and iron ore.
  • Non-ferrous Ore: Non-ferrous metal ores are those minerals that make up another metal instead of iron. They are often utilized in daily life. includes things like lead, tin, gold, copper, and silver.

What are Non-metallic Minerals?

Non-metallic minerals are minerals that do not contain metal elements. Examples include sulfur, phosphorus, iodine, and carbon. These are often used in industries such as agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and manufacturing.

Non-metallic minerals are also used in construction and as abrasives. Some examples are limestone, coal, manganese, mica, phosphate, salt, granite, gypsum, dolomite, etc.

Non-metallic minerals are utilized in many sectors to create a variety of goods. For example, the electrical and electronic sector uses mica, while the cement sector heavily relies on limestone. These are also employed in the fabrication of refractories and the creation of fertilizers.

Difference Between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals in Tabular Form

Metallic Minerals

Non-metallic Minerals

Minerals that are a component of metals in their raw state are known as metallic minerals.

Non-metallic are devoid of other minerals.

both igneous and metamorphic rocks include.

Found in Sedimentary rocks.

It may be melted to create new items.

It cannot be melted to create any new products.

good heat and electricity conductors.

excellent heat and electrical insulators.

These are ductile and malleable.

These are not ductile or malleable.

They sparkle.

They are lackluster.

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